A vast quantity of evidence of many types, new as well as old, analysed by widely accepted scientific processes, is rewriting the history of the world, starting with India. Real science requires us to look at the evidence in spite of our prejudices and accept its conclusions no matter our agenda. 

People largely trust science and trust scientific evidence implicitly, what to speak of corroborating evidence from many variegated scientifically recorded sources which cross correlate and support each other? Many recent multi-disciplinary scientific developments provide the capacity for scientific measurement, dating, verification and irrefutable establishment of historical points of Vedic interest from antiquity as factual.
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What we have is state of the art scientific evidence as historical proof of Vedic narrations. Our thesis is that the most voluminous body of literature in existence, the ancient Vedic literatures of India, along with their vast and deep culture, religion and traditions are now scientifically proven to be factual accounts, in as far as they have been investigated, which is ongoing and to date, conclusive. 

In this introduction to a subsequent more in-depth article, we provide a brief overview of the substantial evidence now available which corroborates Vedic statements, timelines, history and innumerable other facts stated in the vast Vedic literatures — much of which were previously regarded as mythology. Strong substantiation by scientific investigation now moves these narrations from the realm of mythology to that of historical facts. 

Undoubtedly there are many scholars who will object to such statements without verifying every last one, and to this end a subsequent article will be thoroughly substantiated and annotated. Endless quibbling in the face of consistent strong evidence is ultimately pointless.


INDIA’S “HISTORY”

Much of India’s history has been written by outsiders (principally British colonialists) with vested interests in distorting the truth with insubstantial evidence. Since then, the politics of power and control have stifled reform — leaving an incorrect and outdated model of Indian history being taught in schoolrooms around the world. 

This so-called history bears remnants of the influence of British imperialistic dominion over India, as well as Christian and Islamic influences. The British subjugation and exploitation of India was facilitated by implementing various ploys, starting with infiltrating and taking over the economy of India by the [British] East India Company, inventing the Aryan Invasion Theory (the Vedic culture, people and literature came from outside India, artificially adding credibility to foreign control), discrediting the vast wealth of information and history found in the Vedic literatures as mythology and of foreign origin (stealing Indian pride in their culture), and introducing the Christian educational system as superior, while simultaneously propagating an attitude of inferiority amongst the Indian population. 

Consider then, if Indians are really an inferior race as the British so eagerly claimed, then why are Indians the top students at so many western Engineering schools? Why do they dominate a substantial portion of Silicon Valley and why is Bangalore the IT capital of the world? How is it that the contributions of India’s ancient Vedic civilization to the modern world in the fields of mathematics, cosmology and other sciences is much greater and superior to any other countries’ contributions? We suggest that although these facts are not widely known, they are nevertheless true and are recorded carefully for the discerning reader who wishes to verify them for themselves. Refs: 1, 2

A few of the many significant contributions of the Vedic system to humanity are: The decimal and binary number systems, the concept of zero and infinity, Pythagorus’ theorem, a cosmology lauded by Carl Sagan in agreement with modern astronomy, what to speak of cultural contributions such as Indian dance, music, medicines, architecture, yoga, and a host of further significant additions. 

Abraham Seidenberg, in his authoritative History of Mathematics, credits the Vedas as inspiring all the mathematics of the ancient world. Renowned thinkers such as Emerson, Thoreau, Voltaire, Schopenhauer, Whitehead, Hegel and a host of others revered the Vedas as great sources of vastly superior wisdom and knowledge.


THE VEDAS MALIGNED

Unfortunately not everyone glorified the Vedic epics. The British refused to believe the fantastic descriptions found in the Vedic Literatures of India — these ancient scriptures describing in great detail India’s history and beliefs as well as the codes for its religion. The Vedas provide many dates from antiquity which occur well before the date of creation believed by the Christian tradition to be the 23rd October 4004 BCE. 

In these Christian’s minds (who were at the time outsiders to India, i.e., foreigners), anything occurring before their supposed date of creation must be mythology. This, along with the unbelievable nature of many Vedic narrations, gave early indologists and other foreigners sufficient cause to write off the vast Vedic literatures as simply mythology — a phantasmagoria. A close look reveals that even their own Bible contains equally fantastic and unbelievable stories, what to speak of the scriptures of other religious belief systems or even cultural traditions such as the Koran, the Torah as well as many historical works. 

The early British indologist Sir Thomas Jones, in his Sanskrit studies, found that the Latin based languages of Europe had common roots with the Sanskrit language. Although Jones was enthralled by the Vedas, his strong Christian beliefs along with the eurocentric mentality of racial superiority felt by Jones and his comrades dictated that this was proof that the Vedic culture had come into India from Europe or Asia. It certainly wouldn’t do for their culture to have originated in India — that was simply unacceptable to their pride. 


THE ARYAN INVASION THEORY

These were the building blocks for the Aryan Invasion Theory (AIT), with its supposition that the Proto-European-Sanskrit language at the common root of Sanskrit and such European languages as German and English, originated somewhere outside of India. It was originally proposed that the origin of Sanskrit and the culture it is deeply embedded within was most probably in middle Europe. 

Max Muller’s arbitrary dating of the origin of the Vedas as only as far back as 1,500 BCE and the Rig Veda as 1,200 BCE was another cornerstone of the AIT. Later Muller retracted his dating and stated that it was indeed not factual. No evidence whatsoever, other than some linguistic guesswork and insubstantial analysis of data, has ever been found to support the AIT. 

The AIT also raises an interesting paradox, called Frawley’s Paradox. That is, if the Vedas are not of indigenous origin then the vast, highly developed Harappan civilisation dated in its maturity to the 3rd millennium BCE and uncovered in thousands of archaeological sites, has no literature and the voluminous Vedic literatures have an as yet undiscovered origin — i.e., there is then no evidence of a civilisation from which these highly evolved epics have sprung. Dismissing the now soundly defeated AIT, it makes perfect sense to credit India’s indigenous civilisation with the Vedas and is totally in concert with all known evidence.

A somewhat similar theory called the “Borrowing Theory” was devised by Christians early on to show the many similarities between Christianity and the Vedic systems of religion — its conclusion was that Hinduism had borrowed much of its religion from Christianity. 

Unfortunately for these proponents, dating of archaeological discoveries and other evidence like Megasthenes 3rd Century BCE work Indica, the Mora Well inscription and the Ghosundi inscriptions of the first two centuries BCE, the Heliodorus Column of 113 BCE and the 2nd Century BCE and the coins of Agathocles conclusively prove that the Vedic system predates Christianity by far. 

With the emergence of this substantial evidence, the Borrowing Theory was conveniently forgotten by its formerly ardent fans. The obvious flipside of the borrowing argument is that its substantial evidence proves that Christianity must have been borrowed from the Vedic system — a worthy quest to document further. More recent rigorous scientific analysis of similar evidence pushes the Vedic civilisation’s origin even further back many more millennia.


GENETICS

In the field of anthropology, recent human genome studies of DNA in all parts of the Indian subcontinent – whether it be North, South, East or West – prove common, continuous and indigenous inhabitants. DNA dating for Paleolithic continuity starts from 60,000 BCE. These studies reflect in situ development signatures for the Indian population as well as founder nodes or roots of Eurasian lineages within native Indians. 

This highly reliable genetic evidence proves that the Aryan Invasion Theory happened the other way round — if at all. That is, some small cultural dispersion occurred from India outwards, NOT that some superior [foreign] Aryan race invaded, nor even migrated INTO India.

Additionally, this genetic evidence proves that both the Northern Indians and the Dravidians of South India have common origins, common ancestors and are not so different. The so-called division of Northern and Southern Indians is an artificial edifice designed as part of the strategy for dominion over the original Indians. 

The wonder of modern science is that such dating can be confirmed by multiple disciplines of scientific techniques. For example, this genetic evidence for the indigenous origin of all Indians is corroborated by numerous archaeological evidence (cited below), is consistent with evidence from other methodologies and shows a continuity of culture with no external disruptions, i.e., no foreign invasions other than the well known British and Islamic influences. 



ASTRONOMY

Numerous astronomical references to constellation and planetary configurations within the Vedic literatures, when input into planetarium software, produce precise dating of the events described within the Vedic scriptures. 

These precise astronomical observances and calculations were developed and recorded by the indigenous population because the natural cycles of nature, such as the alternation of day and night and the phases of the moon, directly affect the conditions of human life. A reliable calendar was necessary to regulate agricultural activities as well as social and civic activities. 

The antiquity of the earliest Vedic calendar has been calculated as 7,000 BCE based on references to solstices and equinoxes within the Vedic literatures. The Rig Veda gives references to astronomically related dates from 7,000 BCE to 2,000 BCE while the Ramayana refers to astronomical configurations which correspond to exclusive sequential dates around 5,100 BCE.

When Valmiki composed the Ramayana, he filled it with so much information about the “planetary positions of those days, the geography of the areas mentioned in the epic, the seasonal events and about the genealogy of various kings, that it is virtually a no-brainer to establish the dates on which those events occurred.” 

Valmiki recorded the planetary configurations at the time of important events of the Ramayana. These configurations, entered into the latest up to date planetarium software, provide precise datings of these events. They fit together chronologically and are corroborated by other scientific methodologies. These events narrated in Valmiki’s Ramayana therefore occurred some 7,000 years BP (Before Present).

To think, as the British colonialists proposed in the 1800’s at the height of their imperialism, that all these astronomical observances were concocted, is certainly absurd when one realises the complexity of such an undertaking. For Indians to fabricate hundreds of such references, which are now known to be factual and consistent chronologically, would be an even greater achievement than the incredible truth itself.


DATE OF BIRTH OF RAMA

An example will suffice to illustrate this principle of the dating of these passages from the Valmiki Ramayana. Valmiki records the locations of the stars and planets as seen in Ayodhya on the day of the birth of Rama in the Bala-kanda, Sarga 18, slokas 8 & 9 (1/18/8,9) of his Ramayana. These solar configurations of Valmiki match the single date of 10th January 5114 BCE, the navami of shukla-paksha of the month of Chaitra (corresponding with the ninth lunar day of the waxing moon during April or May). Numerous additional astronomical configurations cited by Valmiki translate to dates chronologically consistent with this date, thus dating the Ramayana to the 6th century BCE.
[picture of Ramasetu bridge]

The bridge to Sri Lanka called Ramasetu is clearly revealed in its entirety via satellite photos. Oceanographical predictions of sea level fluctuations reveal that it was only slightly submerged at the time Rama’s army traveled across it to rescue Sita as stated in the Ramayana. Additionally, physical inspection reveals that the majority of the bridge is a natural formation but numerous round boulders, coral chunks and other out of place objects have been found to be an integral part of the preset day bridge. This all supports the statements given in Ramayana, moving its narration from mythology towards history. 


THE RIG VEDA 

An early reference to a Vedic calendar with the year beginning at the winter solstice is found in the Rig Veda  5-77-1/2; 1-46-14; 7-69-3/2. The heliacal rising of Ashvini Nakshatra (Aries) can be seen to occur on the 5th January, 7000 BCE, marking the year’s beginning – thus dating the origin of the Rig Veda as prior to 9,013 BP. 

Even the date of the Mahabharata war at Kurukshetra has been calculated by Achar (2003) as 3067 BCE based on astronomical references in the Mahabharata. This dating of some 5,000 years BP is consistent with Vedic tradition and other Vedic references, but in disagreement with the hypothetical dating originally proposed by Max Muller and other early indologists as part of the AIT. Although most subsequent scholars have accepted this later dating, Max Muller personally refuted his own dating later in life. A plethora of more recent scientific evidence of many types re-establishes the earlier dating as factual. 

For example, there is agreement amongst the carbon dating of archaeological remnants and dating of agricultural and food remnants of this early civilisation, the precise dating of the drying up to the Rig Vedic Saraswati River by Satellite Remote Sensing (SRS), the exact dating of Vedic astronomical references by planetary software as cited above, in addition to scientific evidence from other multidisciplinary scientific endeavors, all support this thesis.


REMOTE SENSING

SRS has revealed the signatures of a significant Paleo Rivers Network in north-west India flowing with great power around 6000 BCE and drying up around 2000 BCE due to tectonic and palaeo-climatic changes. This conclusion is supported by sedimentology, hydrology and drilling data. 

This great river system, identified as the mighty Saraswati River, is mentioned in numerous places throughout the Rig Veda as part of the Sapta Sindhu or Seven Rivers of importance. This discovery very significantly dates the Rig Veda’s origin as prior to 2,000 BCE because the Saraswati River is described therein as flowing in full majesty from the mountains to the sea, so it had not yet dried up at the time the Rig Veda appeared.


ARCHAEOLOGY

Over 2,500 archaeological sites have been found in northern India, two thirds of which are along the banks of the grand Saraswati River basin. These numerous remnants of the developing Indian civilisation, dated by radiocarbon and the utilization of other scientific methodologies, also prove the indigenous origin and development of this civilisation since 7000 BCE. 

The important archaeological site at Mehrgahr has revealed seven levels of civilisation from the 7th millennium BCE, showing a continuity of civilisation from the 7th to 2nd millennium BCE unmatched elsewhere in the world.

Volumes of archaeological data support the astronomical, ecological and anthropological conclusions that the highly advanced civilisation of the Aryans were originals of India largely unchanged for the last 10,000 years. Innumerable descriptions of geology, agriculture, cultural/religious rituals and customs, architecture, etc. are in concert with present day observations of the same activities and support the continuity of this civilisation. Furthermore, they refute the AIT.

As a concluding remark we paraphrase the writings of B. R. Haran, that in no other nation and no other religion in the world has true history been so meticulously documented and supported by so many evidences. 



REFERENCES
1- History of Numbers
2- Scientific Verification of Vedic Knowledge